Comparing Therapies for Bipolar

Bipolar treatments CBT and supportive therapy appear to be equally effective

(RxWiki News) There are many therapy options out there for bipolar disorder, but is one more effective than another?

A recent study compared cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to supportive therapy for the treatment of bipolar disorder.

They found that both treatments were effective for treating the symptoms of bipolar disorder.

"Ask your psychiatrist about which therapies are right for you."

Researchers, led by Thomas D. Meyer, PhD, of the Department of Clinical and Developmental Psychology at Eberhard Karls Universität in Tübingen, Germany, sought to fill a gap in understanding the treatments available for bipolar disorder. 

Previous studies have shown that CBT was effective for treating bipolar disorder, but these studies did not compare CBT to other treatments.

Dr. Meyer’s randomized controlled trial included 76 patients with bipolar I or bipolar II. Patients were assigned to either CBT or supportive therapy for 20 sessions over nine months. Patients were then followed for up to two years.

Both CBT and supportive therapy are psychoanalytic therapies that aim to increase healthy thought processes and behaviors while decreasing distressing thoughts and behaviors. CBT uses systematic goals to achieve these aims, whereas supportive therapy reinforces and supports the positive, healthy thoughts and behaviors.

The study found that the patients showed equal amounts of symptom improvement regardless of the type of treatment. Relapse of symptoms was also similar for people in both therapy types.

During the 33 months of the study, 64.5 percent of the people relapsed regardless of the type of therapy they received. Relapsing was linked to having bipolar II, the number of previous episodes, and the number of sessions attended prior to the relapse.

The authors concluded that both therapies share some characteristics like mood monitoring and educational components.  These aspects might explain the overall benefits of these types of treatments and why they had equally good effects.

This study was published in the July issue of Psychological Medicine. The authors reported no conflicts of interest.

Review Date: 
June 27, 2012